Glove puppetry, or Taiwanese puppetry (Budaixi) was an important part of early folk activities in Taiwan. It is a combination of traditional wood-carving, embroidery, music and literature. The superb craftsmanship of the carved puppet heads, the costumes’ embroidery and accessories make all the puppets works of art.
The puppet heads are carved from camphor wood. The difficult process starts with marking the positions of the facial features, such as eyes and nose. Next is the carving of the features, then laminating and covering with loess. The laminating and loess-coating process needs to be repeated 5 to 10 times to get rid of blemishes and to make painting easier. The painting stage is done with Chinese calligraphy brushes. The last stage to complete the heads is to apply a coat of clear paint and then add the wig, head accessories and beard.